Northeast Wisconsin Zone 4

Transmission system characteristics in Zone 4

ATC delivers power in Zone 4 with various transmission facilities including:

  • four 345-kV lines extending from the Point Beach Nuclear Plant,
  • two 345-kV lines extending from the Edgewater Power Plant to South Fond du Lac and Cedarsauk,
  • two additional 345-kV lines connecting the South Fond du Lac Power Plant to Columbia and Fitzgerald,
  • four 345-kV lines connecting the Gardner Park, Werner West, Morgan and Plains Substations,
  • four 345-kV lines from North Appleton to Kewaunee, Fox River, Werner West and Fitzgerald and
  • a 138-kV network throughout the zone.
Transmission system limitations in Zone 4

In our analysis of Zone 4, we found high voltages in Calumet County and impending low voltages in Brown County. In addition, other ongoing studies have identified several voltage and thermal limitations. The most severe limitations occur during both peak and off‑peak periods.

Several area projects are related to the underlying condition and performance of assets in Zone 4.

Electric system overview

Increases expected in population, employment Population in Zone 4 is projected to grow at 0.6 percent annually between now and 2027. Employment is projected to grow at 1.0 percent annually between now and 2027. Brown County is projected to realize the largest increase in population and employment. Calumet County is projected to have the highest growth rate in population and Sheboygan County is projected to have the highest growth rate in employment.

Electricity usage

Peak electric demand typically occurs during the summer months, although the northern portion of Zone 4 typically experiences nearly equal summer and winter peaks. Paper mills and foundries in and around the Green Bay and Appleton metropolitan areas are some of the largest electricity users in the zone.

Electric load is forecasted to grow at approximately 0.3 percent annually through 2028. Also, locally generated electricity is declining in the area with smaller, coal‑fired generators most at risk. This includes generation owned by industries, municipalities and utilities.

Transmission projects in Zone 4

The most notable planned, proposed and provisional network projects and asset-renewal projects in Zone 4, along with their projected year of completion and the factors driving the need for the projects, are listed below.

Zone 4 includes the counties of:
  • Brown, WI
  • Calumet, WI
  • Dodge (NE), WI
  • Door, WI
  • Fond Du Lac (E), WI
  • Kewaunee, WI
  • Manitowoc, WI
  • Marinette (S), WI
  • Menominee (S), MI
  • Menominee, WI
  • Oconto, WI
  • Outagamie, WI
  • Shawano (E), WI
  • Sheboygan, WI
  • Winnebago (E), WI

Zone 4 Planned Projects

Project DescriptionIn-service yearNeed driver
Bay Lake: North Appleton-Morgan 345‑kV and 138‑kV line construction2018Overloads and low voltages
Cedar Ridge Wind Generation - Mullet River 138-kV line rebuild2020Condition and performance
Edgewater SS, 345‑kV bus reconfiguration2020Condition and performance
Goodman-Caldron Falls 69‑kV line rebuild2020Condition and performance
Butte des Morts-Neevin-Woodenshoe-Mears Corners-Sunset Point 138‑kV line rebuild2021Condition and performance
Finger Road - Canal 69-kV line rebuild2021Condition and performance
Ogden St.-Bayshore 69‑kV line construction2021Provide network service
Hwy V – Oak St 69‑kV line (Z‑26) rebuild2022Condition, performance and provide network service

Zone 4 Proposed Projects

Project DescriptionIn-service yearNeed driver
Bayport area – Pioneer, rebuild as double‑circuit 138‑kV2021Condition, performance and provide network service
Pioneer – Crivitz (E‑83/B‑2), retire 69‑kV and reconfigure load to 138‑kV2022Condition, performance and provide network service
Proposed Projects

Zone 4 Provisional Projects

Project DescriptionIn-service yearNeed driver
None
Related Resources