Next Limiting Element Study
The main objective for this study was to determine what thermal limitations, beyond those being addressed with the 2018 10-Year Assessment project list, ATC might see with high biases across the ATC transmission system.
The base model for the study was the 2028 all-project shoulder from the 2018 10-Year Assessment. Nine different biases were applied to the model and then no load loss allowed contingencies were applied. No load loss allowed refers to NERC TPL-001-4, Table 1 requirements to not interrupt firm commitments or lose non-consequential load for specific categories of Planning contingencies. ATC also applied similar contingency categories to its non-BES facilities. SPS/RAS operation and voltage limitations were not considered in the study. The nine different biases were:
- Minnesota to ATC
- Minnesota to Illinois and Indiana
- Iowa to ATC
- Iowa to Illinois and Indiana
- Minnesota and Iowa to ATC
- Minnesota and Iowa to Illinois and Indiana
- Illinois and Indiana to ATC
- Illinois and Indiana to Minnesota
- Illinois and Indiana to Minnesota and Iowa
The study showed several facilities within the ATC system could be limitations under high bias scenarios. The first and second limitations for each bias scenario is shown in table 1.
[table id=74 /]
The study was informational only and no projects to fix the thermal limitations above, or other thermal limitations found in the study, will be proposed in this Assessment. ATC will continue to monitor thermal limitations identified in this study in subsequent Assessments.